Athenolia is an olive tree local variety also known with its common name Mastoidis (Mastoid). It is a variety systematically cultivated at the area of Monemvasia where there are trees older than 1000 years. It is famous for its intense aromatic and fruity flavour. It matures early and thus its harvest starts at the beginning of November. Its early harvest reduces the percentage of olive flies’ attack, as well as the attacks by other mycological diseases that may result due to the first autumn rainfalls, which are a deterioration factor of the olives’ quality. As a result, this variety produces healthy fruit and by extension olive oil of low acidity, excellent quality and robust body.
The same variety is known as Psilolia, Kritikia, Ladolia, Koroni, Vatsiki and Lianolia. Its many names are due to its wide spread around all the geographical departments of Greece and the various sizes (usually small) of the fruit that varies according to the ground and climatologic conditions, as well as the care during cultivation. The olive oil is one of the finest with excellent intense scent and spicy flavour.